The conductor is the first casing string to be run, and consequently has the largest diameter. It is generally set at approximately 100ft below the ground level or seabed. Its function is to seal off unconsolidated formations at shallow depths which, with continuous mud circulation, would be washed away. The surface formations may also have low fracture strengths which could easily be exceeded by the hydrostatic pressure exerted by the drilling fluid when drilling a deeper section of the hole. In areas where the surface formations are stronger and less likely to be eroded the conductor pipe may not be necessary. Where conditions are favourable the conductor may be driven into the formation and in this case the conductor is referred to as a stove pipe.

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