The hoisting system is a large pulley system which is used to lower and raise equipment into and out of the well. In particular, the hoisting system is used to raise and lower the drillstring and casing into and out of the well. The components parts of the hoisting system are shown in Figure 3. The drawworks consists of a large revolving drum, around which a wire rope (drilling line) is spooled. The drum of the drawworks is connected to an electric motor and gearing system. The driller controls the drawworks with a clutch and gearing system when lifting equipment out of the well and a brake (friction and electric) when running equipment into the well. The drilling line is threaded (reeved) over a set of sheaves in the top of the derrick, known as the crown block and down to another set of sheaves known as the travelling block. A large hook with a snap-shut locking device is suspended from the travelling block. This hook is used to suspend the drillstring. A set of clamps, known as the elevators, used when running, or pulling, the drillstring or casing into or out of the hole, are also connected to the travelling block.
drilling rig hoisting system

Having reeved the drilling line around the crown block and travelling block, one end of the drilling line is secured to an anchor point somewhere below the rig floor.Since this line does not move it is called the deadline. The other end of the drilling line is wound onto the drawworks and is called the fastline. The drilling line is usually reeved around the blocks several times. The tensile strength of the drilling line and the number of times it is reeved through the blocks will depend on the load which must be supported by the hoisting system. It can be seen from Figure 3 that the tensile load (lbs.) on the drilling line, and therefore on the fast line, Ff and dead line Fd in a frictionless system can be determined from the total load supported by the drilling lines, W (lbs.) and the number of lines, N reeved around the crown and travelling block:

 

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