Formation water contains certain corrosive elements which may cause deterioration of the cement sheath. Two compounds which are commonly found in formation waters are sodium sulphate and magnesium sulphate. These will react with lime and C3S to form large crystals of calcium sulphoaluminate. These crystals expand and cause cracks to develop in the cement structure. Lowering the C3A content of the cement increases the sulphate resistance. For high sulphate resistant cement the C3A content should be 0 – 3%

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