The slurry setting process is the result of the cement powder being hydrated by the mixwater. If water is lost from the cement slurry before it reaches its intended position in the annulus its pumpability will decrease and water sensitive formations may be adversely affected. The amount of water loss that can be tolerated depends on the type of cement job and the cement slurry formulation.
Squeeze cementing requires a low water loss since the cement must be squeezed before the filter cake builds up and blocks the perforations. Primary cementing is not so critically dependent on fluid loss. The amount of fluid loss from a particular slurry should be determined from laboratory tests. Under standard laboratory conditions (1000 psi filter pressure, with a 325 mesh filter) a slurry for a squeeze job should give a fluid loss of 50 – 200 cc. For a primary cement job 250 – 400 cc is adequate.